Type 2 diabetes can lead to serious consequences such as kidney failure and blindness, as well as to increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. What is even worse is the fact that almost 30% of diabetics are not even aware they have it, and the situation needs to be put under control as soon as possible.
The symptoms that you should pay attention to:
Increased thirst and frequent urination. As excess sugar enters the bloodstream, so the fluid is withdrawn from the tissue. That is why you are more thirsty than usual, and as a result you will drink and urinate more frequently.
Increased feeling of hunger. Without enough insulin to carry sugar to the cells, your muscles and organs remain without energy. This causes intense feeling of hunger.
Losing weight. Even though you eat more than usual, you can lose weight. Without the ability to use the glucose, the body uses alternative fuels stored in muscles and fat. You lose calories, and the glucose is excreted through urine.
Fatigue. When the cells lack sugar, you become irritable and tiresome.
Blurred vision. If the blood sugar is too high, the liquid from the eyes can be withdrawn, and this may affect the ability to focus.
Wounds that heal slowly or frequent infections. Type 2 diabetes affects the ability to heal and counteract infections.
How to help yourself?
There are ways to prevent or delay the onset of diabetes. Here’s how:
Introduce a physical activity on a daily basis. Exercise improves the action of insulin, and the blood glucose directs to the tissue, where it can be used for energy.
Maintain a healthy body weight. If you are overweight, the more weight you lose, the lower the chances are that you will get diabetes.
Eat foods without refined carbohydrates, fruits, vegetables, whole grains and monounsaturated fats (such as olive oil).