Endometrial cancer, also known as cancer of the womb, is a common cancer of the reproductive organs in females.
Treatment success, as with all cancers, depends on early detection.
There are different types of uterine cancer, such as, in most cases, it starts in the inner lining of the uterus (or womb). In some rare cases, it can start in the outer layer of the womb.
How uterine cancer is different from cervical cancer?
Normal uterus is about the shape and size of an upside-down, medium-sized pear. It has 2 parts: the upper part of the womb – the body (corpus), and the lower part – the cervix, which extends into the vagina.
When we talk about womb cancers, we think of cancers that start in the body of the uterus. On the other hand, cervical cancers spread to the body of the womb, and are treated differently than uterine cancer.
Signs and symptoms of uterine cancer
A most common symptom is abnormal discharge from the vagina or abnormal vaginal bleeding. Even if you already been through the menopause, any bleeding is considered unusual.
Other symptoms may include: pain during urination, pain when having sex and pelvic pain.
Uterine cancer – risk factors
This cancer is most common in women who already have been through menopause and most cases are diagnosed in women aged 40 – 74. Uterine cancer has been connected to hormonal imbalance.
Here are some other risk factors:
– First period before the age of 12
– Endometrial overgrowth
– Menopause after the age of 55
– Taking hormonal replacement therapy
– Not having children
– Family history of womb cancer
– Long term use of breast cancer drug – tamoxifen
– Lynch syndrome
– Radiation to the pelvis
Read how to lower the risk of developing uterine cancer on page 2 =>